Scientific and common name for pet birds

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History of bird and name scientific and common.

The meaning of 'pet' is narrated in popular dictionaries as 'any animal or bird that you have at home for pleasure, not for work or food'. Preference of bird species to keep as pet varies with geographical location, weather, culture and wildlife protection act of the country. Sometimes import of birds is required to meet the local demand. International trade of psittacine birds (except peach-faced lovebirds, cockatiels, Indian ring-necked parakeets, budgerigars) is regulated by 'convention on international trade in endangered species of wild fauna and flora' (CITES), an international treaty. List of bird species covered under CITES is available in its appendices.

History of bird keeping:

The first document of parrot as a pet was found in Rig Veda, an ancient Indian literature written more than 3000 years ago. Evidence of bird keeping is observed in ancient civilizations of Greece, Rome, China and Egypt. Raven (a crow) was mentioned as a symbol of good luck in Greek mythology and was associated with God Apollo (God of prophecy). Crows are also considered as ancestors in Hindu mythology and food (pinda) is offered to crows during ritual of paying homage to dead persons. Alexander the Great (327 B.C.) first imported ring-necked parakeets into European countries from India and accordingly the birds became known as Alexandrine parakeet. Possession of parakeets soon became a symbol of royalty among the wealthy people. In Roman civilization, keeping of talking parrots (Psittacula) was a craze among affluent people. In writings of Pliny the Elder (77 A.D.), different teaching procedures of parrots to talk was described. Egyptian hieroglyphics illustrated about keeping of pet birds such as doves and parrots.
 In medieval Europe, bird keeping was considered as a royal affair and was preferred by kings and wealthy persons. Marco Polo during his world tour (1271–1295) noticed parrot keeping in different countries including southern India. During Spanish conquest of Canary island (1402–1496) by catholic monarch (Queen Isabella I and King Ferdinand II) the songbirds (canary) were discovered and they were sold to rich people of Spain. Portugese sailors brought canaries to other European countries and made bird keeping popular. Christopher Columbus during his return from voyage brought two Cuban Amazon parrots for Queen Isabella I. In 15th century, canaries were used by miners for detection of poisonous gases in the shaft of mines.
 In 1418, Pope Martin V appointed two persons as parrot keepers. Henry VIII (1509–1547) of United Kingdom owned an African grey parrot and his heir Charles II (1660–1685) established an aviary of exotic birds. During the 1800s, middle-class English families started to keep budgerigars in large and decorated cages.
 In United States, bird keeping started with the migration of European people in 17th century. Keeping native birds such as American goldfinch, northern cardinal and northern mockingbird became popular among the people. Import of European birds such as European starling, common chaffinch, siskin, bullfinch, canaries and song thrush began in 19th century. Canary became most popular pet bird and was commonly kept in parlours. Parrots were also imported profoundly from different countries which sometimes crossed more than 3,00,000 birds per year. Import of parrots was banned in United States in 1942 due to emergence of 'parrot fever' or human chlamydiosis. Thanks to increasing demand of treatment and care of these pet birds, specialized training of veterinarians started and 'Association of avian veterinarians' was established in 1980.

Common breeds bird:

In most of the countries psittacine and passerine birds are preferred as pet birds.
Psittacine birds include parakeet, African grey parrot,Amazon parrot, macaw, conure, cockatoo, cockatiel, lory, lovebird and budgerigar.

List of common pet birds: